Glaucoma In Chandigarh – Glaucoma is an eye-related disorder which affects the peripheral vision of the eye. Are you the one who is suffering from eye related problem? Or are you the one who is searching for the best hospital for glaucoma in Chandigarh? Connect with Sharma Eye Care Hospital which is one of the best eye hospitals in Chandigarh.
The specialist and well-experienced doctors of our hospital have the vision to provide and improve the eyesight of the patients. There are the different type of glaucoma which should be analyzed by the professional ophthalmologist. To get glaucoma treatment in Chandigarh, connect with Sharma Eye Care Hospital. For further query feel free to contact us at 9814528495 or you can drop us a mail at email@example.com.
A glaucoma is a group of diseases with progressive optic nerve damage caused by increased pressure within the eye (Intra-ocular pressure). This damage can be seen as a pattern which is known as cupping and also through blind spots in the peripheral vision. In the case of advanced glaucoma, the patient will either permanently get blurred vision or dimmed vision or even lead to blindness.
The moderate and early stage of glaucoma has no symptoms. So that’s why it is very important to examine your eye by an ophthalmologist to check if you have any eye disease or not. The most common risk factor which develops any disease in the eye is Increased Eye Pressure (IOP). The treatment of glaucoma does not restore the vision of the eye. It only prevents your eye from further loss. This is why the early detection and screening of glaucoma is very important. It usually occurs in both the eyes (bilaterally), but one eye may be more affected than the other.
Types of glaucoma
In adults, there are two types of glaucoma which are:
- Open-angle Glaucoma – It is one of the most common types which has no early warning signs and can go unnoticed for many years.
- Angle-closure Glaucoma – It is the type in which the normal drainage passage is narrowed and then it gets blocked.
This type of disease is most commonly found in the people who are more than 35 years in age. You have more chances to get glaucoma if you have:
- Previous Eye injury
- Diabetes mellitus
- African-American ethnicity
- Under Corticosteroid medications
- Family History of glaucoma
Symptoms of Glaucoma
Most glaucoma patients, initially do not notice any symptoms, until there is the loss of some of the peripheral vision. This disease is not recognized by the patient until it gets advanced.Symptoms may include :
- Pain. (NOTE: If you have a sudden headache, severe pain in the eye or/and blurring in vision then consult immediately with ophthalmologist or emergency)
- Narrowing of vision (tunnel vision)
- Hazy/ blurry vision.
- Red eye
- Halos around lights
The comprehensive dilated eye examination includes the following:
- Visual acuity test : Snellen’s chart
- Visual field test: This measures the peripheral vision &helps to detect any loss of peripheral vision.
- Dilated eye exam. In this test, the pupils are dilated & ophthalmologist examines your retina and optic nerve for any signs of damage.
- Tonometry: Tonometry is a measurement of the pressure in the eye with the use of an instrument known as tonometer. In this topical anaesthetic which is also known as the numbing drop is used.
- Pachymetry: It is the measurement of the thickness of the cornea of the eye.
If vision is lost from the disease then it cannot be restored. You should take immediate treatment in the early stage of glaucoma. Open-angle glaucoma can delay the progression of this disease. So that’s why early diagnose of this disease is very important.
The treatment of this disease includes laser trabeculoplasty, medicines, conventional surgery, or a combination of any of these treatments. These treatments can save the remaining vision of the eye. They can only save the remaining vision and can not recover the lost vision of the eye.
Medication: Eyedrops/ tablets are the most common early treatment for glaucoma to lower IOP. Some of the medications help eyes to produce less aqueous fluid and also helps to lower the pressure of the eye by helping drainage of fluid. Kindly reveal all history of medication being taken as these may interfere with other medicines.
Laser trabeculoplasty: Laser trabeculoplasty aids in better fluid drainage out of the eye. After laser, most of the patients still need glaucoma medicines.
This type of treatment is performed in the OPD with topical anaesthetic drops application to the eye and by using the special lens to the eye. A high-intensity light beam is aimed through this special lens and reflected on the trabecular meshwork (TM). In this, the patients will see flashes of bright light which is green or red in colour. In this treatment, several evenly spaced burns are made which stretch the drainage holes in the trabecular meshwork (TM). This will allow better drainage of aqueous humour in the eye.
This may cause side effects such as inflammation for which some drops are prescribed after the procedure. The patient will need to make several follow-up visits to have the IOP monitored.
If both the eyes are infected then only one eye will be treated at a time. The other infected eye is treated after a few days or weeks. It is found in the studies that laser surgery is very helpful in patients. However, the effect of this surgery can wear off after some time.
Conventional surgery: When laser surgery and medicines failed to control the pressure of the eye i.e. IOP then conventional surgery is done. This surgery makes the new openings for the fluid to leave the eye.
Trabeculectomy: It is the conventional surgery which is performed after appropriate anesthesia in the O.T. In this treatment, a small piece of tissue is removed from the eye and a new channel is created to drain the fluid from the eye. This fluid will drain between the layers of eye tissue and then create a filtration bleb. To prevent infection and inflammation the patients should put drops in the eyes after the surgery. Even the patients have to take anti-glaucoma medicines.
At a time Conventional surgery is performed on one eye usually four to six weeks apart. This surgery is considered to be around 70-80% effective in reducing the IOP. If this new drainage site fails or blocks then the second operation is required. If any patient does not have any previous eye surgery like cataract surgery then Conventional surgery works better and has better results. Sometimes after the surgery, in some patients, the vision is not as good as it was before and can also cause some side effects. It includes side effects like low IOP, infection, inflammation, corneal complications, and cataract.
Angle Closure Glaucoma
In angle-closure glaucoma, the aqueous does not drain through the angle & it gets blocked by part of the iris. In such patients the eye pressure i.e. IOP will increase suddenly. The symptoms of this disease may include redness of the eye, severe pain, and blurred vision. If any of these symptoms appeared then seek immediate treatment. If your eye specialist/ophthalmologist is not available then go to the other nearest hospital. This is so because the delay in treatment can damage the visual capability of the eye. Prompt laser surgery can decrease the IOP, protects the vision, and clears the blockage.
Low/Normal Tension Glaucoma
In this, the optic nerve damage and narrow side vision occur in the people who have normal eye pressure. Medicines can reduce eye pressure by 30%. This will slow the disease in most of the people. In certain low pressures, glaucoma may get worse.
In patients, a comprehensive medical history is very essential to identify other risk factors such as low blood pressure which may lead to low-tension glaucoma. If no risk is identified in the medical history then the treatment for low/normal tension glaucoma is same as of open-angle glaucoma.
The children which born with the defect in the angle of the eye which slows the normal drainage of the fluid is known as Congenital glaucoma. These children show symptoms like sensitivity to light, excessive tearing, and cloudy eyes. In such case, the conventional surgery is suggested. This is so because the medicines are not effective anymore and can also cause serious side effects in the children and then difficult to treat. So that’s why surgery is effective and safe in this condition. If surgery went well then these children will get good vision.
It is the condition which develops as complications from other medical conditions. For example, neovascular glaucoma which is a severe form of glaucoma can result from the poorly controlled high blood pressure or diabetes. Other types of diseases sometimes occur with certain eye tumour, cataract, or when the eye is irritated or inflamed by the condition which is known as uveitis. Sometimes this disease occurs after the serious eye injury or other eye surgery. To treat eye inflammation and other eye surgeries steroid drugs are used in some patients. There are two eye conditions which cause the secondary forms of glaucoma.
Pigmentary glaucoma: It occurs when pigment from the iris sheds off and blocks the meshwork. It slows the fluid drainage.
Pseudoexfoliation glaucoma: It occurs when extra material is produced and shed off internal eye structures and blocks the meshwork. It again slows the fluid drainage.
Glaucoma treatments like medicines, laser surgery, or conventional surgery depend on the cause of secondary glaucoma.
What Makes Sharma Eye Care Hospital The Best For Glaucoma Treatment In Chandigarh?
Sharma Eye Care Hospital is running under the guidance of Dr Ashok Sharma MS ophthalmologist PGI Chandigarh. Glaucoma should be treated by an experienced ophthalmologist. If you are searching for the hospital for glaucoma treatment in Chandigarh or glaucoma in Chandigarh then no need to search further. As now you can get glaucoma surgery in Chandigarh from the well-experienced surgeon Dr Ashok Sharma. His more than 30 years of experience helps many patients to get rid of glaucoma. To book your appointment, call us on our below-mentioned number.
Name - Dr. Ashok Sharma's Cornea Centre
Address - Sco 2463-2464, Second Floor, Sector 22 C, Chandigarh - 160022, India
Phone Number - 9814528495